Surfing in France: To Wetsuit or Not to Wetsuit?

Do I need a wetsuit to surf in France

France is renowned for its stunning coastline, beautiful beaches, and excellent surf breaks, attracting surfers from around the world. As a popular surfing destination, the question often arises: Do you need a wetsuit to surf in France? The answer depends on various factors, including the time of year, the region you’re surfing in, and your personal cold tolerance. In this comprehensive article, we’ll explore the considerations for wearing a wetsuit while surfing in France.

1. Water Temperature in France:

France’s coastline offers diverse surf conditions, and the water temperature varies significantly throughout the year. The Atlantic coast, including popular surf spots like Biarritz and Hossegor, generally experiences cooler water temperatures compared to the Mediterranean coast.

  • Atlantic Coast: In the winter months (December to February), water temperatures can drop to around 10-12°C (50-54°F). During the summer (June to August), the water warms up to approximately 18-20°C (64-68°F).

  • Mediterranean Coast: The Mediterranean waters are generally warmer than the Atlantic. In winter, temperatures range from 13-15°C (55-59°F), while in the summer, they can reach 22-25°C (72-77°F).


2. Wetsuits in Different Seasons:

a. Winter (December to February): During the winter months, a wetsuit is essential on both the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts. In the cooler waters of the Atlantic, a 4/3 mm or 5/4 mm wetsuit with thermal lining is recommended to keep you warm. In the Mediterranean, a 3/2 mm wetsuit should suffice.

b. Spring and Autumn (March to May and September to November): During these shoulder seasons, the water temperature varies, and a wetsuit is still necessary, though a 3/2 mm wetsuit may be suitable on warmer days.

c. Summer (June to August): In the summer, the water temperature on the Mediterranean coast becomes pleasantly warm, making it possible to surf without a wetsuit, especially during heatwaves. However, on the Atlantic coast, where water temperatures are cooler, many surfers still prefer a thin 2 mm wetsuit for added comfort and protection against wind chill.

3. Personal Cold Tolerance:

Individual cold tolerance plays a significant role in deciding whether to wear a wetsuit while surfing in France. Some surfers may feel comfortable without a wetsuit during the summer, while others might still opt for a shorty wetsuit or a rash guard for added sun protection. During colder months, even those with higher cold tolerance will likely require a wetsuit for warmth.

4. Local Conditions:

Local weather patterns and water currents can influence water temperatures in specific surf spots. For instance, areas near river mouths or exposed to strong offshore winds might experience cooler water temperatures. Consulting with local surf shops or experienced surfers can provide valuable insights into what wetsuit thickness is suitable for the specific spot and time of year.

5. Advantages of Wearing a Wetsuit:

Wetsuits offer several benefits while surfing:

  • Thermal Insulation: Wetsuits keep you warm in colder waters, extending your surfing sessions.

  • Sun Protection: Even during the summer, a wetsuit provides protection against harmful UV rays.

  • Protection from Elements: Wetsuits protect your skin from abrasions caused by the surfboard or rough surfaces.

  • Buoyancy: Wetsuits add buoyancy, helping you float and conserve energy while paddling.


6. Alternatives to Wetsuits:

For those who prefer not to wear a wetsuit, alternatives include:

  • Rash Guards: Rash guards or surf shirts provide sun protection and help prevent skin irritation.

  • Neoprene Tops and Shorts: These can provide some thermal insulation without the full coverage of a wetsuit.


In conclusion, whether or not you need a wetsuit to surf in France depends on the time of year, the region you’re in, and your personal cold tolerance. During the colder months, a wetsuit is essential for comfort and safety. In the warmer months, particularly on the Mediterranean coast, you may choose to surf without a wetsuit. However, many surfers still opt for a thin wetsuit for added protection and buoyancy. Ultimately, the decision should prioritize your comfort, safety, and enjoyment while riding the waves along the stunning French coastline.

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